Not-so-Humans of Jackson County

Last weekend I went back to the Black River State Forest a year after my first visit. Last year I was alone, this year I invited five friends. I was eager to play tour guide and I narrowed down the hikes to to my three favorites, which wasn’t hard. Hint: two of them I profiled last year. The other one is a short nature trail by the river that was unfortunately full of mosquitoes this time around.

I did go farther on the trails than I did last year, but since I already wrote about them I’m not going too add more detail on those areas. I consider those posts good enough introductions. Instead, I am writing about the amazing diversity of life in Jackson County.

A trail near the Dike 17 Wildlife Area and one of my favorite spots in the state

It starts with the animals I only had residual evidence of. Two years straight of timber wolf (Canis lupus) tracks near Dike 17! At one particularly sandy spot, I saw wolf, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and sandhill crane (Antigone canadensis) tracks. Hmmm. I wonder if there’s a good story behind that. Maybe the wolves tracked the deer, successfully taking one down. The tracks were pointing in the same direction. Wolves also hunt cranes, but my money’s on the deer being the prey. Apparently wolves mainly go after young cranes and these tracks were pretty large. I can see an adult crane being able to fly to safety. Maybe the cranes flew off high into the sky and witnessed the kill from afar.

A big concentration of deer tracks

Then there were the sounds. Eastern whip-poor-wills (Antrostomus vociferus) and common nighthawks (Chordeiles minor). The magical fluting of the veery (Catharus fuscescens). The “drink your tea” of the eastern towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus). The loud, crisp call of the ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla). These are all sounds I heard right at our site.

Then, of course, there was everything we saw. I had a remarkable glimpse of a golden-winged warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) when I was without my binoculars or camera. It was flitting low through our campsite, in the low trees by the edge of the river, probably scouring the twigs and foliage for bugs. It stayed for a minute then flew off to the east. This brings my year warbler count up to 20. There were other birds too- the trumpeter swans (Cygnus buccinator) and common loon (Gavia immer) on my Dike 17 hike. The pileated woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) that flew in front of my car while I was driving down Cemetery Road. Brown thrashers (Toxostoma rufum) were everywhere, including one my friends saw tearing the wings off a dragonfly before devouring it.

The herping was decent. My friends rescued two Blanding’s turtles (Emydoidea blandingii) from the road and we got a good view of a spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) doing its best to hide in fallen leaves. No snakes though, but Jackson County as a whole seems like good habitat for many species.

Blanding’s turtle
Spring peeper

When it comes to plants and invertebrates I’m only able to identify so much of what I saw. The woods are mixed conifer and deciduous. Jack pines (Pinus banksiana) are common especially in barrens. Lupine (genus Lupinus) was blooming but we were just past the peak and many of the plants were going to seed. There were a few types of fern, the one that stood out the most being the cinnamon fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomeum).

Cinnamon fern- tall with distinct red-brown fertile fronts

The only dragonfly species I was able to identify is the chalk-fronted corporal (Ladona julia), a striking black and white dragonfly that was basically everywhere on one of my hikes. Despite its abundance, I didn’t get a picture I like. I got quite a few butterfly pictures and I’ve put them all below.

Canadian tiger swallowtail (Papilio canadensis)
Red-spotted purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax)- we also saw the white admiral subspecies (Limenitis arthemis arthemis)
Monarch (Danaus plexippus)
Pearl crescent (Phyciodes tharos)

This is definitely not an exhaustive inventory of every species at the Black River. It is simply my post made in praise of the abundance of life I witnessed and the joy I felt over the weekend. This was my first camping trip of the year and even though 2018 is wet and buggy I hope for at least one more outing before the calendar changes over.

Late May and into June

As mid May became late May, the bird migration slowed down. There were no longer warblers of every species rummaging for grubs in the forest canopies.  A few flycatchers were passing through and that’s about it. The days and even the nights grew hot as we entered a week-long heat wave. The weather was unpleasant but I still wanted to get outside. What’s a guy to do?

Well, I went to Parfrey’s Glen of course. I head there at least once every year, and in a variety of weather, but the only post I’ve done in the past was in December of 2016. Back then the landscape was barren, the only green coming from the pines atop the cliffs. What a change from December to May! Everything was leafy and the canopy was dense and the forest floor shaded. The water I avoided in the winter felt refreshing as I walked through it in my water shoes. The creek was the best “trail” for parts of the hike and that was fine by me.

Parfrey’s Glen
The lion’s head

While I didn’t see much in terms of warblers and shorebirds in the past few weeks, I have had better luck with herping than I have the rest of the year. I’ve been seeing quite a few turtles besides for the standard painted turtles (Chrysemys picta), including a few large female common snapping turtles (Chelydra serpentina) and eastern spiny softshells (Apalone spinifera spinifera). My herping highlight so far has been to finally see my first eastern milk snake (Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum). The sun was growing low on a mild day and I was walking near the edge of a woods looking for firewood. I was not the first to see it. One of my fire buddies pointed it out first and I didn’t know what species to expect when I looked over. It was not a long snake, maybe about as long as a large garter, but thicker. It was brown overall with dark reddish blotches in a crisp, uniform pattern.

Fun fact about non-venomous snakes: many of them mimic rattlesnakes in order to convince would-be predators to leave them alone. How do they do this? When it realized we saw it, it headed into dense cover and began vibrating its tail. The sound against the dead leaves isn’t a dead-ringer for a rattlesnake, but it’s close enough. I’m too smart to be fooled. Nice try, snake.

Surprisingly that was my first snake of the year. Hmm. Better late then never.

Eastern spiny softshell turtle doing its best impression of an aquatic pancake
Common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)- a warbler that breeds in marshes and low prairies of the state

The calendar still says its spring, but I know better. The seasons are a continuum rather than an abrupt change. Bird migration is dying down. Mosquitoes are everywhere (I know, right?). The trees are fully leafed out. This might not be summer yet, but it sure is the lead-in to it.

Mother’s Day 2018

Yesterday was Mother’s Day, and my mom wanted to go birding with the whole family. While waiting on my brother, my parents and I checked the woods out back for birds. There were quite a few Nashville (Oreothlypis ruficapilla) and Magnolia warblers (Setophaga magnolia). My brother soon showed up and we sat on the porch together as warblers flitted in the canopy and ruby-throated hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris) came fearlessly to the feeder just yards away from us.

Magnolia warbler

We then all headed to the Pheasant Branch Creek Corridor for an evening stroll. Now my brother is not a birder, but he has some good birding skills. He tracked all the chestnut-sided (Setophaga pensylvanica) and magnolia warblers as they darted from tree to tree. He knew where every single bird was, a lot of times before the rest of us had a chance to check them all out. His keen observation for field marks was evident too when he saw a bird for a few seconds and described it perfectly. My dad thought his description sounded like a Canada warbler (Cardellina canadensis)- and it was! I had missed out on them for seven whole years and I was happy to see it. It gave us quite a show too, hopping all around bushes and logs by the creek for several minutes.

Eventually it got too dark to bird. Everything we saw was covered in twilight’s shroud. We drove back to the house, talking about the birds. The day was over but the memories were fresh on our minds. Happy (one day belated) Mother’s Day to all the human moms and bird moms out there.

Early May Birding

Alright, so it’s been a while since I’ve posted, and that’s because I’ve been having so much fun birding! Warblers are rolling in, and it seems like every few days a new species is the predominant one. Today the magnolia warblers (Setophaga magnolia) are taking over the woods. My 2018 warbler count is now up to eighteen species.

  1. Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)
  2. Northern waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)
  3. Blue-winged (Vermivora cyanoptera)
  4. Black and white (Mniotilta varia)
  5. Prothonotary (Protonotaria citrea)
  6. Tennessee (Oreothlypis peregrina)
  7. Orange-crowned (Oreothlypis celata)
  8. Nashville (Oreothlypis ruficapilla)
  9. Common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)
  10. American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
  11. Northern parula (Setophaga americana)
  12. Magnolia
  13. Blackburnian (Setophaga fusca)
  14. Yellow (Setophaga petechia)
  15. Chestnut-sided (Setophaga pensylvanica)
  16. Palm (Setophaga palmarum)
  17. Pine (Setophaga pinus)
  18. Yellow-rumped (Setophaga coronata)

I usually see a few more by the time migration is over. Where are Wilson’s (Cardellina pusilla) and golden-winged (Vermivora chrysoptera) warblers? Hopefully I find some in the next few days. I might have missed my chance to see black-throated green (Setophaga virens) this spring because I know people were seeing them a handful of days ago. The prothonotary was a nice surprise. It was the first I’ve seen in Dane County. Maybe I’ll see something else I wouldn’t expect… a Kentucky warbler (Geothlypis formosa) maybe?

Other birds have been rolling in too. Baltimore orioles (Icterus galbula) and rose-breasted grosbeaks (Pheucticus ludovicianus) have been popular among the feeder watchers on my Facebook groups. What’s up with the grosbeaks this year? People are posting pictures of them left and right. Normally we only get three in our yard, but we’ve had at least eight hanging out at our feeders almost nonstop. I’ve also seen ruby-throated hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris), eastern kingbirds (Tyrannus tyrannus), and green herons (Butorides virescens). It hasn’t been a bad time for swallows and thrushes either.

Eastern kingbird
Baltimore oriole nest- a grassy structure hanging from the periphery of a tree, often near water

I wanted to finally get started on some serious shorebird viewing today, but with the high waters around town open mud is hard to find. I hope I don’t have to wait until fall to see a few more of those.

In spring I tend to get almost obsessive about getting pictures of singing red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus). Their song brings life to marshes and the way their flash their epaulettes while singing is very photo-worthy. I think I did well this year.

Stay tuned. I’ll do a few more bird posts this month and hopefully by the end of the month I’ll have enough material for butterfly and herp posts (got a cool turtle pic today).

After the Thaw

Dear spring, please stick around this time.

The past few days have been beyond pleasant. Yesterday I even went for a walk without a jacket! Most of our snow has melted too, and I’m happy to see insectivorous birds flying and hopping around. I’ve spent a lot of time outdoors in the Madison area and found eight first-of-year birds for Wisconsin.

4/20 FOY’s:

Savannah sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)*
Great blue heron (Ardea herodias)*
Yellow-rumped warbler (Setophaga coronata)*
Hermit thrush (Catharus guttatus)

4/21 FOY’s:
Brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater)
Eastern towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
Pied-billed grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)*
Wood duck (Aix sponsa)

*seen earlier this year but in Texas

Eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) post-bath
Savannah sparrow

Surprisingly, there are still a few fox sparrows (Passerella iliaca) at our feeders. These might be ones we had during the blizzard but they could also be a whole new flock. Either way, it’s nice to still be seeing them around. I wasn’t a big fan of the pictures I got through the window for my last post, but today I was able to snap a few shots of one from inside my car with the window rolled down. Now if I could just get a picture of that towhee that’s been hanging around.

Fox sparrow

The Feathery Sort of Foxes

On Saturday night the snow came. It’s not too deep, at least in Dane County, but it makes everything different for the birds.

An American robin (Turdus migratorius) was hanging out in our sheltered bird feeder yesterday. Even when my mom went to refill the food it stayed, just inches away from her hand as she added seeds to the feast. Today my dad, a land surveyor, had to dig up and expose some soil. A robin, hungry for worms, went searching by my father’s feet. Normally it’s hard to get within 6 feet of a suburban robin, but right now their priorities have shifted. My parents observed a yellow-rumped warbler (Setophaga coronata) sticking close to the warm southern exposure of the house yesterday and today I saw a very fluffed-up eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) perched on the deck railing.

And, as everyone in the Midwest with a feeder has noticed, fox sparrows exist!

Fox sparrows (Passerella iliaca), are a large sparrow that can kind-of-sort-of be considered a backyard bird, but they aren’t seen at feeders often. Usually I see them during migration, hopping around in brush. These past few days, I have seen at least three hanging out close to the house and taking advantage of the birdseed.

Fox sparrow (background) with dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis)
Fox sparrow taking advantage of the food and calm air on the deck
I love these not-so-little birds

While this weather is bringing a lot of birds to our feeders, I’m glad it’s going to be warmer tomorrow (40 degrees!). I’m sure the desperate-looking birds will feel relief when the snow melts. Maybe, this time, spring will last.

What is my favorite bird?

I occasionally get asked what my favorite bird is. Mostly I get asked this by non-birders, because there’s more of them than there are birders, but also because they might not understand how hard of a task it is to pin down a favorite. It’s a good question and worth considering. I used to think about it all the time. I would come up with a handful of birds that were good contenders- Forster’s terns (Sterna forsteri) and cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) were always mentioned along with a few other great Wisconsin birds. The only problem was… my favorite bird doesn’t live in Wisconsin. I hadn’t met it yet when I was getting serious about birding. It would take a trip to Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado before I realized that yes, I did have one singular favorite.

The year was 2013 and I had two years of honing my birding skills in Wisconsin under my belt. I was excited to take my curiosity about the natural world outside the Midwest and when the Madison LGBT Outdoors Group took a trip to Colorado, I was more than happy to be part of the pack. In preparation and anticipation, I poured over my field guides. What birds was I most excited about? Not the one that ended up being my favorite. It seemed so plain in the drawings.

We got to the national park, and what did I first get distracted by? A little old black-billed magpie (Pica hudsonia) poking around on the road. I loved it! Field guides can never fully describe a bird; you have to see it in person. Here was this magpie, looking like a small-bodied , elegant crow, inspecting a small object on the road. Inspecting or playing with? Both? Corvids (the group of birds including crows, ravens, jays, and magpies) are intelligent and they show it. This magpie, and other members of the corvid family I saw in Colorado, really got me tuned into these birds. Did you know that crows can remember human faces? That magpies seem to hold funerals for their dead? More than any other family of bird, I feel that corvids have their own secret societies that we humans barely notice.

On top of this, the magpies were much more beautiful than pictures can show. Part of this is that iridescence (magpies have a blackish-blue form of it) can’t be captured well. The biggest part of this though was that they look amazing when they fly. They have long tails and bold wing patterns that stand out in flight, and their flight has grace and buoyancy that is hypnotic to watch.

Over the course of the next week, I saw a few dozen of these birds, in parks and in cities, always seeming like they were up to something and looking stylish while doing so. Seeing the last few in Boulder, I got a little sad knowing there wouldn’t be any back home. Fortunately I saw a few more in Utah in 2015. Like with many out-of-state birds it was like seeing an old friend. I like heading out west every few years, so I am sure I will see them again.

So far my only picture of a black-billed magpie is this one taken at the Great Salt Lake.

Texas Day 4

Hello once again from the Rio Grande Valley. Today I explored Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park and the National Butterfly Center just southwest of Mission. There weren’t many butterflies but there  were birds galore- I’d say it was better birding than any other day so far on this vacation.

The two birds I remember best from my first trip to Bentsen years ago are the plain chachalaca (Ortalis vetula) and green jay (Cyanocorax yncas). I saw both of those again today right away after entering the park. I also remember seeing orioles when I was younger, but I don’t know which of the two orange species at Bentsen they were. Luckily I saw both today. It was a day of wonderful sightings including what is now my favorite Texas bird. Read the picture captions to find out which it is.

Great kiskadees (Pitangus sulphuratus) are everywhere down here but I’m going to take shots of each regional species whenever I get a good opportunity. When am I going to get a chance to see many of these again? I like this picture better than yesterday’s.
Green jay
Clay-colored thrush (Turdus grayi). The orange mass is some sort of suet (?) the park puts out. It is particularly popular with kiskadees.
Golden-fronted woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons), the Texas equivalent of the red-bellied woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)
My favorite Texas bird so far is the gray hawk (Buteo plagiatus). I heard this one whistling (many hawks don’t sound too fierce) from deep in the woods. I enjoyed its posh gray plumage, striped tail, loud call, and evasiveness. I’m glad I “met” it.
The Altamira oriole (Icterus gularis) is large oriole common at Bentsen.
The hooded oriole (Icterus cucullatus) is smaller than the Altamira but looks somewhat similar otherwise. There’s a wing pattern difference and the mask is a slightly different shape.
Black phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
White-tipped dove (Leptotila verreauxi)- a bird that looks constantly surprised

Life list updates:

#288: Buff-bellied hummingbird (Amazilia yucatanensis)
#289: Long-billed thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre)
#290: Altamira oriole
#291: Golden-fronted woodpecker
#292: Vermilion flycatcher (Pyrocephalus obscurus)
#293: Clay-colored thrush
#294: Gray hawk
#295: Hooded oriole
#296: Black phoebe
#297: Black-crested titmouse (Baeolophus atricristatus)
#298: White-tipped dove
#299: Couch’s kingbird (Tyrannus couchii)
#300: Rufous hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)
#301: Black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)
#302: Harris’s hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)

As you can see, I made it to 300 species! That’s a fun milestone. What makes it even better is that #300 is a species that isn’t frequently seen in the area. Double exciting! It was one of a few unexpected vagrant species the National Butterfly Center staff were more than welcome to give pointers on finding. I was told I just had to keep watching one feeder in particular. I got a picture. It’s not a very good one, but it’s of my 300th species so I’ve included it below, in all its off-center, taken-through-a-window glory.


Texas Day 2

Greetings from Padre Island! I spent my first whole day in Texas getting some coastal birding in. The barrier islands on the coast are expansive, and I only saw parts of Padre and Mustang Islands. Locations I would recommend are the Leonabelle Turnbull Birding Center and Nueces County Park on Mustang Island and Packery Channel County Park and Padre Bali Park on Padre Island. Mustang Island State Park was closed, probably due to the aftermath of Hurricane Harvey, and I did not go to the Padre Island National Seashore because the sources I read were very ambiguous about whether it was closed or not due to the government shutdown. There is also only so much time in the day. I went where I had time to go.

It was a great day for birds. I had good sightings even when I wasn’t birding. When I walked out my door to get breakfast, I was greeted with the shocking pink of a roseate spoonbill (Platalea ajaja) flying in the distance. On a beach run, I saw gulls, terns, and shorebirds. Of course, for much of the day I had my camera and binoculars on me.

Willet (Tringa semipalmata)
Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Lifer herp: American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)
Great-tailed grackles (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Sanderling (Calidris alba)
Forster’s tern (Sterna forsteri) in non-breeding plumage- I’d never seen one in winter before and I had to consult my field guide to identify it. There were many of them on the Padre Bali Park beach.
Laughing gull (Leucophaeus atricilla) transitioning into breeding plumage

Life list updates:

#270: Brown pelican
#271: Black skimmer (Rynchops niger)
#272: Royal tern (Thalasseus maximus)
#273: Sanderling
#274: Snowy egret (Egretta thula)
#275: American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) (first time I’ve seen one as opposed to merely  hearing them)
#276: White ibis (Eudocimus albus)

Christmas Bird Count 2017

Yesterday was the Audubon Society’s annual Christmas Bird Count (CBC). This citizen science effort has been national tradition for over 100 years and has been a family tradition since before I was born. I have participated most of the past several years for at least some of the day. My dad is the section leader for Area 4 of the Madison CBC, an area extending along the north side of Lake Monona through a large swath of the East Side. Now that my mom doesn’t work weekends (yay!) she joins my dad every year. With my parents being heavily involved in the CBC, it is hard for me to skip the event.

This year, while most of our group was still walking a transect through town, I started counting birds on the lake. There was still a lot of open water, with the exception of Monona Bay, and there was a lot of  work for me to do. For the CBC, every bird counts. The data is used by scientists and all individuals of each species must be recorded. This is not casual birding. There were several species on the first part of the lake I went to, just north of Olin Park. These included six waterfowl species, two gull species, and American coots.* The coots were the last species I counted. I wanted to do the easy ones first. See, the coots numbered in the hundreds and were in a dense raft by the John Nolen Drive bridge. It took me over half an hour and a handful of attempts to count them all. Eventually I arrived at the number of 739. I’m sure there’s no human error in that figure at all.

*Going against my usual style, scientific names will be listed at the end of the post.
Coots and the capitol

Feeling glad the coot count was over I drove along the lake, keeping mental score of mallards and Canada geese I passed, until I arrived at a small park, more of a bench by the lake than anything else. I looked and listened to see if there was much around. There wasn’t. I went back to my notes for a second, if only to see what my species count was so far (12). When I looked up again I did a double-take. On the fence to my left was a Cooper’s hawk. They are one of our more skittish birds of prey and I didn’t expect it to sit there very long, especially with my attention on it, but it let me snap a few pictures. Taking a rare chance to see one that close, I decided to focus my binoculars on it. What detail! I could make out all its feathers and it looked as though we were staring each other in the eyes from a foot’s distance. The hawk hunched over and I knew what was coming next. It took off a split second later and I put my binoculars down. It was heading straight for me! The hawk realized this too and with a second to spare veered right, passing me five feet to my left, and disappeared over a hedge and into the cityscape.

Cooper’s hawk

My parents arrived a few minutes later and I filled them in on what happened. They were glad I saw a Cooper’s because they surprisingly hadn’t seen one on their walk. That would be the only one of its kind counted in our section this year. For the next hour or so we traveled along the isthmus, with me riding in their car and me departing from them at each stop to cover more ground. Near the Yahara River we ran into the other two members of our traveling count. My dad exchanged notes with them and the group finished up a  waterfowl count near the lake.

Afterward four of us went for a walk at a larger park within our area. We did not see much there, but added a yellow-bellied sapsucker and a red-breasted nuthatch to our list. Later we stopped by the house of a feeder watcher in Area 4 and my dad added her list to his master list. Surprisingly, she had seen a bald eagle in her suburban backyard earlier. She did not see much else though. Most winters her yard swarms with birds but the warm weather that left the lake open for water birds let the perching species spread out more. With much of the ground uncovered by snow, they rely less on backyard feeders. We did see a few of the standard backyard species while we munched on cookies and sipped warm tea. It was a good, cozy end to the count.

In Area 4 yesterday, the team counted 3923 individual birds of 40 species. They are, as follows:

Canada goose (Branta canadensis): 212
Tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus): 283
Gadwall (Mareca strepera): 104
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos): 268
Northern shoveler (Spatula clypeata): 2
Canvasback (Aythya valisineria): 119
Redhead (Aythya americana): 10
Lesser scaup (Aythya affinis): 1
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola): 6
Common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula): 114
Hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus): 9
Common merganser (Mergus merganser): 894
Ruddy duck (Oxyura jamaicensis): 1
Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus): 3
Cooper’s hawk (Accipiter cooperii): 1
Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis): 7
American coot (Fulica americana): 758
Ring-billed gull (Larus delawarensis): 34
Herring gull (Larus argentatus): 412
Rock pigeon (Columba livia): 5
Mourning dove (Zenaida macroura): 36
Red-bellied woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus): 12
Yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius): 1
Downy woodpecker (Picoides pubescens): 16
Hairy woodpecker (Picoides villosus): 10
Blue jay (Cyanocitta cristata): 7
American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos): 79
Black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus): 49
Red-breasted nuthatch (Sitta canadensis): 1
White-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis): 18
American robin (Turdus migratorius): 6
European starling (Sturnus vulgaris): 65
Cedar waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum): 12
American tree sparrow (Spizelloides arborea): 7
Dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis): 169
Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis): 38
House finch (Haemorhous mexicanus): 46
Pine siskin (Spinus pinus): 2
American goldfinch (Spinus tristis): 55
House sparrow (Passer domesticus): 162